There are two basic kinds of outdoor fountains: sprays (or fountain jets) and ornamental statuary.
Fountain Sprays or Aerating Fountains
A fountain spray consists of a jet nozzle or ring attached to the outlet pipe of the pump above the pond's
water level. It produces an attractive ornamental spray. When run from the pump to a level just beneath the water surface, a fountain spray made from a length of vertical pipe will provide a natural-looking geyser effect. For a larger, more dramatic geyser, you should use a special geyser jet fitting. Because they introduce air bubbles into the spray, geyser jets are excellent for aerating the water, although they must be sized and placed carefully to avoid stirring up silt and sediment in the pond and producing cloudy water as a result. To be visually effective, geysers usually require large-capacity pumps.
Most jet nozzles are made of molded plastic and come with all the fittings required for installation. These include the correct-size pump and usually a flow-control valve that enables you to adjust the height of the spray. Higher-quality nozzles can be disassembled to make cleaning the jet holes easier; lesser-quality nozzles are more difficult to clean. Brass nozzles are generally used for larger water displays, but they’re more expensive than plastic. Keep in mind that nozzles with small holes clog easily and will require frequent cleaning.
If you choose a spray-type fountain or pond aerating fountain, place it in a sheltered area so that wind gusts don't disrupt the spray pattern or blow the water outside the fountain receptacle. Nozzles that produce delicate sprays or thin films of water (such as water-bell jets) need to be installed in a virtually wind-free location.
Outdoor Statuary fountains
Whether traditional or contemporary, ornamental statues lend a formal touch to the garden. Thumb through catalogs at your local patio supply or statuary dealer.
Garden Statuary fountains run the gamut of designs from classical Greek figures and wall-mounted gargoyles to modern art forms and whimsical spouting frogs or fish. Most statuary fountains sold at garden and patio suppliers are precast concrete or cement. They come with a variety of colors and surface finishes simulating other materials, such as stone, alabaster, or bronze. Some suppliers also carry modern sculpture fountains made of copper, brass, or bronze. Although on-site selections are usually limited, most suppliers can order what you want through catalogs. In times past, fountain statuary was often made of lead. If you find one of these relics, be warned that lead is toxic to fish and other aquatic life.
You can buy garden statuary fountain ornaments separately to put in the pond or next to it. Or you can buy these ornaments as complete, self-contained units with precast reservoir bowls and integrated pre-plumbed pump/filter systems. Precast pool pedestals of various heights are available for mounting statues or water jets in the pond. Make sure, though, that you choose one that fits the style and size of your pond or garden. A large garden can visually overwhelm a small pond and disrupt the surface, making it difficult to raise water plants or to view fish beneath the surface. Also, if the spray is too large for the size of the pond, excessive water evaporation will be a problem.
Outdoor fountains are wonderful and there are so many options. Find the perfect outdoor water fountain to fit your needs at Serenityhealth.com.